Difference Between Conventional System And Islamic System?


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Conventional Banks

Islamic Banks

1. The functions and operating modes of conventional banks are based on fully manmade principles.

1. The functions and operating modes of Islamic banks are based on the principles of Islamic Shari’ah.

2. The investor is assured of a predetermined rate of interest.

2. In contrast, it promotes risk sharing between provider of capital (investor) and the user of funds (entrepreneur).

3. It aims at maximizing profit without any restriction.

3. It also aims at maximizing profit but subject to Shari’ah restrictions.

4. It does not deal with Zakat.

4. In the modern Islamic banking system, it has become one of the service-oriented functions of the Islamic banks to be a Zakat Collection Centre and they also pay out their Zakat.

5. Lending money and getting it back with compounding interest is the fundamental function of the conventional banks.

5. Participation in partnership business is the fundamental function of the Islamic banks. So we have to understand our customer’s business very well.

6. It can charge additional money (penalty and compounded interest) in case of defaulters.

6. The Islamic banks have no provision to charge any extra money from the defaulters. Only small amount of compensation and these proceeds is given to charity. Rebates are give for early settlement at the Bank’s discretion.

7. Very often it results in the bank’s own interest becoming prominent. It makes no effort to ensure growth with equity.

7. It gives due importance to the public interest. Its ultimate aim is to ensure growth with equity.

8. For interest-based commercial banks, borrowing from the money market is relatively easier.

8. For the Islamic banks, it must be based on a Shari’ah approved underlying transaction.

9. Since income from the advances is fixed, it gives little importance to developing expertise in project appraisal and evaluations.

9. Since it shares profit and loss, the Islamic banks pay greater attention to developing project appraisal and evaluations.

10. The conventional banks give greater emphasis on credit-worthiness of the clients.

10. The Islamic banks, on the other hand, give greater emphasis on the viability of the projects.

11. The status of a conventional bank, in relation to its clients, is that of creditor and debtors.

11. The status of Islamic bank in relation to its clients is that of partners, investors and trader, buyer and seller.

12. A conventional bank has to guarantee all its deposits.

12. Islamic bank can only guarantee deposits for deposit account, which is based on the principle of al-wadiah, thus the depositors are guaranteed repayment of their funds, however if the account is based on the Mudarabah concept, client have to share in a loss position..
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