Torah is a word in the Hebrew language which means 'teaching' or 'instruction' or 'law'. It mainly describes the Five Books of Moses, also referred to as the Law of Moses. A Sefer Torah is used to describe a formally written scroll comprising of the five books, written by the hand of a Torah scribe who while dong this has to adhere to strict rules.
The term 'Torah' is also loosely used to describe the oral and written law of Jadaism, including the complete spectrum of influential Jewish teachings in the course of history, such as the Talmud and the Midrash.
The names of the five books in the Torah are as follows: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. The Torah is the principal and most vital text of Judaism worshipped by Jews for centuries, also bearing a lot of significance to Christians.
Pentateuch (also known as Law or Torah) is the first five books of the Old Testament. Penta- Greek form pente, means five, so Torah means Five Scrolls. These are the books traditionally ascribed to Moses, the recipient of the original revelation from God on Mount Sinai. It is traditionally the most revered portion of the Hebrew canon. It comprises a series of narratives, interspersed with law codes, providing an account of events from the beginning of the world to the death of Moses. Jewish, Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Protestant canons all agree on their order: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.