Who Were The Major Four Caliphs In Islamic History Who Succeeded The Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H)?


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Mehreen Misbah answered
After the death of the Holy Prophet (, the Muslim nation was in desperate need of another leader who could continue the glorious legacy of the Holy Prophet (  The gamut of choices was huge as there was no dearth of God-fearing and righteous Muslims, who along with possessing the virtue of piety, were valiant and charismatic in the worldly regard too
Nevertheless the choices slowly narrowed and based on the mutual consensus of the Muslims, the first caliph to succeed the Holy Prophet ( was his beloved companion Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique, who was also the father of Aisha, the dear wife of the Holy Prophet (

After the death of Abu Bakr Siddique, the second caliph to succeed him was Hazrat Umar Farooq, who period of caliphate was the longest amongst all four caliphs.  Not only the longest but also the most successful, during which the Muslim nation prospered and thrived under their phenomenal leader and Islam spread by leaps and bounds to far off lands.

The third caliph who took over after Hazrat Umar Farooq was Hazrat Usman Ghani, who was also the husband of Hazrat Ruqaiyya, who was the Holy Prophet's ( daughter.  He had earned the title of 'Zul Norein', attributing to his marriage to another daughter of the Holy Prophet (, Hazrat Umm-e-Kulsum after the death of Hazrat Ruqaiyya. During his caliphate, the task of the Holy Quran's compilation got accomplished, marking his period as an important milestone in Islamic history.

The fourth caliph, who succeeded Hazrat Usman was Hazrat Ali, who was the husband of Mohammed's ( beloved daughter Fatima and the first child to accept Islam at the tender age of thirteen.

The wonderful legacy of these four caliphs have left irrepressible impressions, leaving behind perfect examples for the Muslim leaders of today to follow suit.

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